There are two major hunting areas in Botswana, the Okavango Delta and the central region of Kalahari.
The Okavango Delta is the largest inland delta in the world. It is undeniably a paradise on earth. The unique habitat is so rich in vegetation and water, it is home to a very diverse animal population. Thousands of Elephants, considerable herds of Cape Buffalo, Crocodiles, Hippos, Lions and Leopards are all found in this region. The Okavango Delta is also home to the unique Red Lechwe and an incredible variety of birds. The habitat of the Okavango Delta is alternating wet and dry areas with seasonal variation: lagoons, islands, marshes, palms forest and grassy plains. The habitat of the other hunting areas varies little from one region to another. It is primarily sandy terrain including acacia or Mopani forests, thorn bush and dry grassy plains. This is where there is some of the best elephant hunting in the world. There is also some fantastic buffalo hunting but the quotas are limited to 2 per area so booking must be done in advance.
The central region of the Kalahari allows the hunting of some of the largest and most beautiful antelopes in Africa such as the Gemsbok, Cape Eland and Greater Kudu, blue wildebeest, Springbok, red hartebeest, zebra, grey duiker, steenbok and many more. There are also Leopards, which are hunted with dogs and Bushmen trackers. This is a unique an unbelievable hunt and there are only 5 permits given throughout the whole Kalahari.
The hunting season in Botswana runs from the beginning of April through the end of September. Most hunting outfitters do bird hunting. Dove, Pigeon and Quail are hunted throughout the year. Duck, Francolin and Guinea fowl from April 1st to September 30th and Sand grouse from October 1st until April.